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What is a Doula?
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For The Love of the Family Doula Services & BCLS Training

What is a Doula?
 
The concept of a doula is an ancient idea of women supporting women during birth and the postnatal period.
 
A doula provides physical, emotional, and informational support to women and their partners during labor and birth.  They help and advise on comfort measures such as breathing, relaxation, massage, and positioning.  Assistance to families in gathering information about the course of their labor and their options.  Provide continuous emotional reassurance and comfort;  non-medical skills such as massage and other non-pharmacological pain relief measures.  Assistance to partners who want to play an active support role.
 
A doula helps a birthing woman have a safe and satisfying childbirth as she defines it.



Dads and Doulas: Key Players on Mother's Labor Support Team

          There was a time when expectant fathers were portrayed as anxious, floor-pacing, cigar-smoking men who were tolerated in hospital corridors until the long-awaited moment when a nurse or doctor would announce they were the proud father of a daughter or a son. Today's expectant fathers are different.
            When it comes to pregnancy, birth, and parenting, today's father wants to share everything with his partner. He wants to be actively involved; ease his partners labor pain, welcome his baby at the moment of birth and help care for his newborn at home. A labor doula can help a father experience this special time with confidence.
            The word "doula" which comes from ancient Greek, today refers to   a woman trained and experienced in childbirth. A doula   provides continuous physical, emotional, and informational support to the expectant mother and her partner during labor, delivery and in the immediate postpartum period. The wisdom and emotional support of experienced women at birth is an ancient tradition.
             Studies show that when doulas are present at birth, women have shorter labors, fewer medical interventions, fewer cesareans and healthier babies. Recent evidence also suggests that when a doula provides labor support, women are more satisfied with their experience and the mother-infant interaction is enhanced as long as two months after the birth. With doula support, fathers tend to stay more involved with their partner rather than pull away in times of stress.
            Today, a father's participation in birth preparation classes or his presence at prenatal visits and in the delivery suite is a familiar occurrence. Yet, we sometimes forget that the expectations of his role as a "labor coach" may be difficult to fulfill. Sometimes it is also culturally inappropriate for an expectant father to be so intimately involved in the process of labor and birth.
            The father-to-be is expected among other things to become familiar with the process and language of birth, to understand medical procedures and hospital protocols and advocate for his partner in an environment and culture he is usually unfamiliar with. A doula can  provide the information to help parents make  appropriate decisions and  facilitate communication between the laboring woman, her partner and medical care providers.
           At times a father may not understand a womans instinctive behavior during childbirth and may react anxiously to what a doula knows to be the normal process of birth. He may witness his partner in pain and understandably become distressed. The  doula  can be reassuring and skillfully help the mother to cope with labor pain in her unique way. The father-to-be may need to accompany his partner during surgery should a cesarean becomes necessary. Not all fathers can realistically be expected to "coach" at this intense level.
           Many fathers are eager to be involved during labor and birth. Others, no less loving or committed to their partner's   well-being find it difficult to navigate in uncharted waters. With a doula, a father can share in the birth at a level he feels most comfortable with. The doulas skills and knowledge can help him to feel more relaxed. If the father wants to  provide physical comfort such as back massage, change of positions, and help his partner to stay focused during contractions, the doula can provide that guidance and make suggestions for what may work best.
            Physicians, midwives and nurses are responsible for monitoring labor, assessing the medical condition of the mother and baby, and treating complications when they arise. But childbirth is also an emotional and spiritual experience with long-term impact on a woman's personal well-being. A doula is constantly aware that the mother and her partner will remember this experience throughout their lives.  By mothering the mother during childbirth the doula supports the parents in having a positive and memorable birth experience. 
            The benefits of doula care has been recognized world wide. The Medical Leadership Council of Washington, D.C, the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and the World Health Organization are among the many healthcare organizations that value the benefits that doulas provide to women in labor.
 
           The father's presence and loving support in childbirth is comforting and reassuring. The love he shares with the mother and his child, his need  to nurture and protect his family are priceless gifts that only he can provide. With her partner and a doula at her birth, a mother can have the best of both worlds: her partners loving care and attention and the doula's expertise and guidance in childbirth.

* from DONA.ORG - Doulas of North America

 


Obstetrical Outcomes:
 
Outcome                           Doula Effect
Casarean Section                  - 50%
Length of Labor                      - 25%
Oxytocin Use                          - 40%
Pain Medications (narcotics)   - 30%
Forceps                                 - 30%
Epidurals                               - 60%
 
Long Term Benefits:  improved brastfeeding, increased time spent with baby, more positive maternal assessments, decreased postpartum depression.
 
*  Mothering the Mother, by MH Klaus, JH Kennel, and PH Klaus, New York:  Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1993